Example of Vitamin and Mineral Deficiency
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Vitamin Deficiency

Vitamin B complex Deficiency (comprises a number of vitamins that exist as a family. The B vitamins should not be taken individually. They work together.

  • Mental problems 
  • Mild to severe depression.,
  • Thoughts of dying, crying spells, inability to cope 
  • Morbid thoughts
  • Vague fears,  fear that something dreadful is about to happen 
  • Uneasiness to panic, Apprehension
  • Constant feeling that something dreadful is going to happen
  • Suspicions
  • Anxiety 
  • Noise sensitivity
  • Hearing noises, voices, etc.
  • Rage
  • Mood swings
  • Hostility 
  • Paranoia
  • Hypochondria
  • irritability, easy agitation, frustration 

  • Instability
  • Inability to handle stress
  • Chronic lack of B Complex leads to adrenal gland impairment.
  • Nervousness, ADD (attention deficiency), restlessness 
  • Loss of ability to concentrate
  • Forgetfulness, loss of memory
  • Mental confusion
  • Impaired intellect
  • Weakness
  • Lightheadedness or dizziness
  • Fatigue, Chronic fatigue, chronic exhaustion 
  • inability to sleep (insomnia) 
  • Chest pains
  • heart palpitations, heart arrhythmia's, fibrillation 
  • Indigestion Digestive problems Hypochlorhydria (insufficient stomach acid production) Constipation or diarrhea, Decreased or increased appetite, Stomach pains, Craving for sweets 
  • tingling in hands, tingling fingers and toes Pain, tingling or achiness
  • soreness all over Neuralgia to neuritis Muscular soreness
  • rashes 
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Heightened sensitivity to touch and/or pain
  • Menstrual complaints
  • Soreness of the mouth
  • Dermatitis
  • Acne
  • Burning or itching eyes
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Sore throat
  • Headaches

  • Insomnia or sleep disturbances
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) Deficiency 
  • mental depression 
  • Forgetfulness or mental confusion 
  • Vague fears or feelings of persecution 
  • Severe deficiency can lead to brain damage and a form of dementia, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, that is mainly characterized by vision changes, ataxia (lack of muscle coordination that can affect movement, speech, and swallowing) and impaired memory and learning 
  • Emotional Disturbances: night terrors, panic attacks.
  • Poor memory
  • Nervous irritability 
  • muscular weakness 
  • tingling sensations 
  • excessive fatigue 
  • loss of appetite and weight loss 
  • paralysis of the lower legs 
  • Loss of sensation (numbness) in the hands, and especially the legs 
  • vague aches and pains 
  • nerve damage 
  • nervous system is generally depressed
  • decreased reflex activity
  • Muscle cramps, atrophy, 
  • Burning pain present in both legs
  • pain or tingling in the arms or legs
  • Weakness to  excessively weak 
  • enlarged heart, Chest pain,  Increased heart rate (tachycardia) palpitations 
  • Lung congestion 
  • Gastrointestinal disorders 
  • constipation, and nausea and vomiting.
  • Sleep disturbance
  • recurrent canker sores 
  • Stunted growth


Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Deficiency

  • Mouth sores 
  • Skin rash – red, scaly and greasy 
  • Swollen tongue 
  • Fissuring of the lips, corner of the mouth 
  • Itchy eyes -Sore throat, mouth tenderness, painful cracking in the corners of the mouth and cracking on the lips, magenta coloring on the inside of the mouth and on the tongue, and scaly patches on the face, head and genital area. 
  • Cataracts 
  • ‘Sore eyes’ 
  • Peripheral neuropathy – numbness, tingling, pain of the upper (arm, hands) and lower limbs (legs, feet)
Vitamin B3 (Niacin)
  • Depression. 
  • Dementia 
  • Indigestion
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Difficulty swallowing 
  • Abdominal pain 
  • Increased salivation (hypersalivation) 
  • Diarrhea – watery, sometimes bloody or with mucus 
  • Fatigue
  • Canker sores, burning in the mouth and a swollen, bright red tongue.
  • Dermatitis. Initially red, burning skin rash – sensitive to sun exposure. In later stages, there is darkening  and thickening of the affected skin. 
Vitamin B5 Deficiency
  • Depression
  • Emotional deterioration
  • emotional agitation
  • Low blood sugar
  • kidney hemorrhage
  • Overall weakness
  • Decreased balance/coordination/reflexes
  • Muscle cramping
  • Insomnia and fatigue
  • Intestinal problems such as water retention, nausea, vomiting or diarrhea, Constipation, nausea, bile salts formation deteriorates, deterioration of digestion, duodenal ulcers, abdominal cramps.
  • Low resistance to infection and slow healing
  • Low blood pressure
  • Decreased antibody production, infections.
  • Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
  • Leg muscle cramps
  • decreased adrenal function
  • sensitivity to insulin
  • convulsions
  • spinal cord and corneal deterioration
  • fetal abnormalities
  • testicle deterioration 
  • ulcers
  • headaches
  • lung infections
  • skin deterioration


Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) Deficiency

  • Depression
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Mental problems
  • Easy agitation, frustration
  • Feeling of uneasiness
  • Irritability
  • Nervousness
  • Paranoia
  • ADD 
  • Anxiety
  • Crying spells, inability to cope
  • Restlessness
  • Fibrillation
  • Heart arrhythmia
  • Heart palpitations
  • Water retention 
  • Weakness
  • Insomnia
  • Indigestion
  • Tingling hands, fingers and toes 
  • Problems walking
  • Lack of sex drive
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Cracked skin at the corners of the mouth
  • Rapid weight gain or loss
  • Skin rashes
  • Soreness all over
  • Symptoms in Women
  • Depression
  • Mood swings
  • Migraine
  • Hair loss
  • Irritability
  • Anemia
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dry skin
  • Cracks on tongue and lips
  • Weakness
  • Symptoms in Children
  • Anemia
  • Seizures
  • Diarrhea
  • Irritability
  • Stunted growth
  • of these sources, we must eat them raw.
  • Choline Deficiency
B-12 deficiency
 
  • Fatigue
  • headaches
  • shortness of breath
  • sore, beefy red, swollen tongue
  • digestive disorders
  • heart and nervous system disturbances such as numbness and tingling of the arms or legs
  • depression
  •  mental confusion

  • Loss of memory  (can mimic Alzheimer's disease)
Biotin Deficiency
  • anemia
  • depression
  • hyperglycemia
  • inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
  • insomnia, loss of appetite
  • muscular pain
  • nausea. 
  • brittle nails and hair 
  • thinning of hair which may lead to total hair loss 
  • dry scaly scalp or face - in infants (cradle crap), and in adults in various parts of the body (seborrheic dermatitis)
  • mental depression
  • insomnia
  • intestinal tract symptoms like loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting
  • fatigue or extreme exhaustion due to impaired energy production
  • muscle pain or cramps related to physical exertion
  • nervo-muscular symptoms like seizures, numbness and tingling of extremities, and movements characterized by lack of muscle tone and coordination. 
Choline Deficiency
  • Impaired memory or brain function or senile dementia (shortage of acetylcholine in the brain has been associated with Alzheimer's). 
  • fatty build-up in the liver, which may lead to liver damage, cirrhosis, or fatty degeneration, inability to digest fats
  • raised levels of cholesterol or triglycerides
  • high levels of homocysteine in blood, leading to risk of heart disease and other cardiovascular and circulatory problems
  • cardiac symptoms
  • high blood pressure
  • respiratory distress in newborns or nerve degeneration or nerve-muscle imbalances due to insufficient acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter that cannot be made without choline
  • anemia, as red blood cell formation needs phosphatidylcholine which cannot be made without choline
  • kidney hemorrhage or kidneys unable to concentrate urine
  • abnormal bone formation
  • impaired growth in newborns
  • fatigue
  • insomnia
  • infertility 
  • gastric ulcers 

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Folate (folic acid) Deficiency
  • Affects production of neurotransmitters, leading to symptoms of irritability, hostility, non-senile dementia, confusion, insomnia, mental fatigue, depression, and nervous system problems of the hands and legs
  • Skin disorders like seborrheic dermatitis and vitiligo (loss of pigment leading to white patches on the skin)
  • anemia characterized by breathlessness
  • insomnia
  • fatigue.
  • heart palpitation
  • higher blood levels of homocysteine and risk of heart disease
  • stomach disorders,  loss of appetite, peptic ulcers, and digestive upsets
  • pallor and sensitivity to cold
  • chronic muscular fatigue,  general weakness
  • gastrointestinal tract problems like periodontal disease, gingivitis
  • swollen or sore or smooth red tongue (glossitis)
  • cervical dysplasia
  • premature grey hair
  • Can slow overall growth rate of infants and children
  • Low birth weight or premature infants and neural tube defects 

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 Inositol Deficiency
  • Hair loss. 
  • Constipation. 
  • Skin eruptions. Eczema. 
  • Raised cholesterol. 
  • Abnormalities of the eyes. 
  • Hypertension.

  • Taking of long term antibiotics may increase your need for inositol, as well as if you consume a lot of coffee. 
  • arteriosclerosis
  • high blood cholesterol
  • irritability
  • mood swings
PABA Deficiency 
  • constipation and other chronic gastro-intestinal disorders
  • nervousness
  • frequent headaches
  • general fatigue
  • depression
  • irritability
  • weeping or moist eczema
  • premature wrinkling of skin
  • premature grey hair. 
Vitamin A Deficiency 
  • Poor vision  ( problems to see in dim light (or at night) or if having problems to adapt  vision to darkness. )
  • Dry eyes 
  • Corneal ulceration 
  • Dry hair 
  • Dry skin 
  • Wounds won’t heal
  • Trouble in sensing tastes
  • Itchy skin 
  • Fragile fingernails or dry and weak
Vitamin C Deficiency
  • scurvy
  • body stops making collagen causing joints to fail due to breakdown of cartilage and tendons, Painful joints 
  • Numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
  • pain in the muscles
  • blood vessels break open
  • immune system deteriorates, increased vulnerability to infection
  • easy bruising 
  • small spots of bleeding under the skin (which appear as pink spots on the skin)
  • Nosebleeds 
  • swollen or painful joints or bones
  • slow-healing wounds and fractures
  • spongy, swollen, bleeding gums and loose teeth, teeth decay easily,
  • bad breath 
  • dry brittle hair, corkscrew hair 
  • dry rough scaly skin, skin rash, thickened skin spots 
  • anemia
  • fatigue 
  • muscle weakness
  • loss of appetite
  • recurrent colds and infections
  • atherosclerosis
  • possible weight gain due to slower metabolism. 
Vitamin D deficiency
  • Has been shown to impair proper function of insulin- producing cells possibly leading to type 2 diabetes. 
  • rickets which causes soft bones, skeletal deformities or retarded growth in children
  • osteomalacia resulting in muscular weakness and soft bones
  • muscle or bone pain (including low back pain)
  • frequent bone fractures
  • osteoporosis
  • higher risk of periodontal disease in adults over 50 years old
  • rheumatoid arthritis
  • increased risk of diabetes due to insufficient insulin produced
  • increased risk of high blood pressure
  • hypocalcemia (low blood calcium level) characterized by muscle cramps, twitching nerves or muscles, numbness and tingling of fingers and toes, irregular heart contractions, and irritability. 
Vitamin E Deficiency Symptoms
  • Poor coordination and unsteadiness due to the brain's failure to regulate the body's posture and regulate the strength and direction of limb movements. (Ataxia) 
  • retinopathy, eye problems such as cataracts or degeneration of the retina
  • impairment of the immune response 
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea
  • anemia due to loss of red blood cells 
  • angina (severe chest pains) in males
  • weakness in muscles and limbs, and sometimes muscle cramps, stiffness or spasms
  • peripheral neuropathy
  • damage to nerves characterized by numbness and tingling or burning sensations in the arms, legs, hands or feet
  • lack of coordination of muscle movements characterized by jerkiness, clumsiness or instability
  • digestive tract problems such as liver or gallbladder disorders that result in poor absorption of food
  • miscarriages, uterine or testicular deterioration, decreased fertility. 

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Symptoms in Infants :
  • Loss of weight 
  • delayed growth
  • Poor feeding habits
  • Developmental problems that includes physical and mental problems
  • Chronic cholestatic hepatobiliary disease-causing neurological deficits,
  • Spinocerebellar ataxia with loss of deep tendon reflexes
  • Truncal and limb ataxia
Children 
  • Muscle weakness, 
  • Slow growth in children.
  • Ptosis
  • Dysarthria, 
Vitamin F Deficiency 
 
  • slow to heal
  • bruise easily 
  • dull hair and dry eyes
  • eczema or dry skin. 
  • Behavioral disturbances
  • Immune system impaired.
Vitamin K deficiency
  • Easily bruised or to bleed easily, such as from a wound, the nose or stomach or intestine, causing blood to be vomited or appear in the stool or urine
  • blood takes longer to clot than normal
  • osteoporosis or low bone mineral density; bones fracture easily. 


 Do your own Research 
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Mineral Deficiency 
Caused by one or more lack of a mineral(s) Occurs slowly.  In the early stages, symptoms can be so mild that they are not detected. When symptoms become obvious, health may have been affected for some time.

Calcium  Deficiency 

  • heart palpitations or abnormal heart rhythms; risk of hypertension (high blood pressure); higher cholesterol levels; 
  • osteoporosis, characterized by brittle, porous bones and frequent bone fractures; 
  • impaired bone mineralization which, in children, can cause rickets (bone softening) which may lead to bone deformities, fractures, or stunted growth; 
  • osteomalacia (bone softening) in adults; loss of bone mineralization in the jaw; tooth decay or periodontal disease; higher levels of lead in bones and teeth; brittle or misshapen nails; rheumatoid arthritis that leads to joint swelling and pain; 
  • insomnia; lethargy or chronic fatigue; 
  • poor appetite; 
  • severe deficiency can cause excessive nerve activity that leads to spasmodic contractions of skeletal muscles, symptomized by tingling fingers, toes or lips, numbness in arms or legs, and muscle pain or severe muscular cramps or spasms. 
Chloride Deficiency 
  •  loss of appetite
  • muscle weakness
  • lethargy
  • dehydration
  • deficiency leads to alkalosis, a condition in which body fluids have excess base (alkali), that can result in dangerously high blood pH and excessive loss of potassium in urine (which in turn causes hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis with symptoms that include loss of control of muscle function which might lead to breathing and swallowing difficulties). 


Chromium  Deficiency 

  • insulin resistance or glucose intolerance, which affects the ability of insulin to regulate blood sugar; leading to high blood sugar levels that may result in type 2 diabetes 
  • elevated blood insulin levels (hyperinsulinemia); high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol levels, and/or high triglyceride levels; high blood pressure.


Copper Deficiency 
 

  • impaired nerve function that may lead to lower taste sensitivity and lack of physical coordination osteoporosis, osteopenia (lower bone mineral density than normal, but not as low as for osteoporosis) and joint problems
  • retarded growth or abnormalities in bone development in infants and young children
  • anemia that is characterized by lack of improvement with iron therapy alone
  • loss of skin or hair color; impaired immune function that may lead to frequent infections
  • inelastic blood vessels that rupture easily
  • elevated LDL (bad) cholesterol and lower HDL (good) cholesterol levels
  • irregular heart beat
  • breathing difficulties
  • fatigue and weakness
  • skin sores
  •  hypothyroidism
  • Menkes disease that occurs mostly in male infants, characterized by sparse greyish or colorless twisted hair, and floppy muscle tone.


Fluoride Deficiency 

  • badly formed or weak teeth or increase in tooth cavities
  •  brittle or weak bones, fractured hips in the elderly.
Iodine  Deficiency 
  •  goiter characterized by an enlarged thyroid gland which may cause a choking feeling or difficulty with breathing and swallowing
  • hypothyroidism (under-production of thyroid hormones) which can lead to brittle dry hair, hair loss, brittle nails, coarse dry pale skin, anemia, intolerance to cold, fatigue or weakness, depression, irritability, poor memory, weight gain, muscle or joint pain, constipation, decreased libido, abnormal menstrual cycles
  • impaired immune system
  • hearing loss in children
  • severe deficiency during pregnancy, breast feeding or infancy can lead to neuro-cognitive defects in the baby, and problems with growth, speech and hearing; a particularly severe form of it is cretinism, characterized by brain damage or major mental retardation, speech problems, hearing loss, apathy, spasticity, and stunted growth
Iron  Deficiency
  •  anemia, with symptoms that may include headaches, dizziness, irritability, pale skin, cold hands and feet, lack of energy, rapid heartbeat, low immune function, brittle nails, shortness of breath, sore or inflamed tongue or mouth, lack of appetite, blood in stools, restless legs syndrome
  • food cravings for inedible items such as ice, paint, starch, clay, or dirt; increased intestinal inflammation or irritation
  • depression or apathy
  • insomnia or disturbed sleep
  • decrease in ability to concentrate
  • impaired mental skills that can affect memory and job performance
  • learning disabilities and short attention spans in children
  • irregular menstrual periods
  • brittle hair; hair loss
  • nails that are spoon-shaped or that have ridges running lengthwise 
Magnesium  Deficiency 
  •  over activation of nerve and muscle impulses, leading to tremors or hyper excitability or irritability and nervousness
  • muscle weakness, twitching or spasm, cramp, fatigue
  • mental confusion, disorientation, or apathy; affects calcium metabolism, leading to low blood levels of calcium, and softening and weakening of bones
  • low blood levels of potassium
  • increased risk of stroke
  • elevated blood pressure
  • insulin resistance linked to blood sugar imbalances and type 2 diabetes
  • loss of appetite, headaches, nausea, vomiting; studies show migraine sufferers tend to have lower magnesium levels
  • depression
  • disturbed sleep or insomnia or sleepiness
  • poor memory and reduced learning ability
  • increased heartbeat or abnormal heart rhythms
  • muscle contractions, tingling or numbness
  • severe deficiency can also cause seizures, delirium and hallucinations
Manganese Deficiency 
  • nausea or dizziness
  • vomiting; skin rash
  • hearing loss
  • iron deficiency anemia, due to manganese's role in iron utilization
  • high blood sugar levels (impaired glucose tolerance)
  • blood cholesterol levels that are too low; impaired bone growth or skeletal abnormalities, especially in children; excessive bone loss and weak hair and nails; loss of hair colour; defective functioning of the reproductive system
  • severe deficiency in infants can cause convulsions, and even paralysis, blindness and deafness. 


Molybdenum Deficiency 

  • increased respiratory or heart rate
  • night blindness
  • mouth and gum disorders
  • sexual impotence in older males
  • sulfite sensitivity. 
  • abnormal excretion of sulfur metabolites, hypothyroxine and xanthine, and low uric acid concentration.

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Phosphorus Deficiency 
  • poor bone formation and growth
  • rickets (bone softening) in children
  • osteomalacia (bone softening) in adult
  •  numbness and tingling in the hands and feet
  •  difficulty walking
  • increased susceptibility to infection
  • fatigue or muscle weakness
  • anemia
  • loss of appetite and changes to weight. 
Potassium Deficiency 
 
  • confusion or irritability
  • fatigue due to decrease in glycogen stored
  • muscle weakness or twitching or spasms
  • breakdown of muscle fibres
  • leg or other muscle cramps
  • muscular paralysis (in cases of severe potassium deficiency coupled with excessive thyroid hormones in the blood)
  • shortness of breath or poor lung function, and even lung paralysis in serious cases
  • abnormal heart rhythms
  • intestinal paralysis leading to constipation. 
Selenium Deficiency 
  •  weaker immune system leading to susceptibility to stress and illnesses
  • greater incidence of cancer, especially gynecological, gastrointestinal, esophageal, lung, and prostate cancer; rheumatoid arthritis patients tend to have low blood levels of selenium
  • elevated blood pressure
  • risk of atherosclerosis leading to heart or coronary artery disease
  • impaired thyroid function (a common symptom of this deficiency) leading to hypothyroidism symptomized by lethargy, fatigue, intolerance to cold, depression, constipation, weight gain, heavy menstruation, dry skin, and hair loss
  • loose skin
  • hair or skin discoloration
  • whitened fingernail beds
  • Keshan disease (heart disorder characterized by inflamed heart muscles)
  • Kashin-Beck disease (disabling disease of bones and joints, characterized by stunted growth, bone deterioration, and deformity of joints)
  • severe deficiency coupled with malnutrition can cause muscle breakdown characterized by pain or weakness in the muscles.


Sodium Deficiency 

  • dehydration
  • low blood sugar; heart palpitations; muscle cramps; weakness or lethargy; confusion or disorientation
  • slurred speech
  • nausea; seizures, coma, or death in extreme cases if left untreated. 


Zinc Deficiency 

  • impaired sense of smell and taste
  • impaired immune function
  • susceptibility to pneumonia and other infections in malnourished children and the elderly
  • skin ulcers
  • slow wound healing
  • retarded growth in infants and children
  • delayed sexual maturation
  • hypogonadism in males (where the body does not produce enough testosterone hormone)
  • impotence
  • reduced thyroid hormone output; lowered glucose tolerance with increased risk of diabetes
  • decreased metabolic rate
  • mental lethargy; depression; lack of appetite
  • unexplained weight loss
  • diarrhea
  • hair loss
  • skin rashes or skin lesion
  • eye lesions
  • night blindness. 
The Vitamin Chart
 
 
 
 
 
 

Do your own Research 
Here YAHOO  or here GOOGLE
 

I strongly suggest that rather then to guess at what your body
needs in vitamins and minerals, that you see a naturopath, 
be muscle tested, or dowse for any imbalances.

 

All content on this web site is provided only for your quick information so as to encourage you to do your own research.
All suggestions are not to be taken as medical advice. See your own Medical or Health Care Practitioner for professional advice.
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This page last updated October 15th, 2012