1.What is Lyme Disease 
2.The Lyme Rash
3.What are Co-infections 
4.Ticks -Transmission
5. Lyme in Children 
6. Lyme  in Canada
7. Diagnosis for Lyme 
8. Treatments for Lyme 
9. Taking Action 
10. Symptoms 
11.Lyme Prevention
12.Test Results
13.The Bb Bacteria
15. Herxheimer Reaction
16.The Politics of Lyme 

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1.Transmission of Lyme Disease to Humans
2.Carriers of infected ticks
3.Blood Meals
4.The tick bite
5.Tick bite infection
6.The four stage Life cycle of a Tick
7.What should I do after removing a tick?
8.Tick Testing


Do your own Research 


Symptoms of Lyme Disease (Neuroborelliosis)
- fade and flare up.

- Symptoms go
dormant and new ones appear 
and old ones awaken again, but sometimes not with as much drama 
as on their previous show.

-Symptoms are 
in quality and intensity.

come and go spontaneously, often temporarily resolving in a matter of minutes, hours or days.

-Symptoms wax and wane
during the course of minutes, hours, 
days,  months and years constantly cropping new and bizarre symptoms.

-Symptoms can seem to all be asleep, 
or just a few symptoms can be active and then suddenly the sleeping giant awakens and most every symptom rear their ugly heads all at one time. There  appears to be no  rhyme nor reason for the receding symptoms, nor the  sudden activation of symptoms. It is not really cyclical, but certainly acts like flares and for some unknown reason.

Keep Positive Force
There are two forces
working inside of us;
- one positive and one negative. 
When the positive is in
control, we have confidence in ourselves - we face the world taller and straighter and
we have courage. 
But, when the negative side takes over, we have doubts and fears,
we shrink from problems,
we donít enjoy life.

If we realize that 
we have two separate and distinct personalities, and that each is constantly seeking control, 
then we have taken the first step towards a richer, fuller life.

When you find yourself lacking in confidence, 
you have allowed your negative side to take over, and
you should concentrate on your positive side of life.
If you donít... you are in trouble, mentally at first,
and then physically.

I have found the following to apply where ever I have been planted, whatever the circumstances have been, in and around me;
I look to see where there is something for me to enjoy, something to be grateful for, something to learn each day, and how I can love myself or others with no attachments hooked on to it... only  just to love... the best way I can.
I strive try to keep the positive force in me simply because it increases the quality of my life.

  It is not always easy
to keep my eye on the cup half full, but with practice it becomes a reaction and sometimes when I slip into the negative I regret it
and it suffers me.
I prefer to love myself by increasing the quality of my life with positiveness, 
even when it is nearly impossible
to see it.

I can enjoy my life even during the difficult and 
rugged segments of my life. ~ louise

When the Lyme infection is active in the
host body the bacteria
ultimately  affects
physically and cognitively

Find joy 
in the garden you are planted in today.
Look for it. 
It is there everyday, in spite of the weeds. -unknown



4. Ticks and Other Transmitters of Lyme Disease


1.Transmission of Lyme Disease, and other zoonotic infections, to Humans:

         Lyme Disease is spread primarily through the bite of the western black legged arachnid, Ixodes scapularis deer tick, Ixodes pacificus, Amblyomma americanum Lone Star, Ixodes Angustus H., leporispalustris, Ixodes spinipalpis, Ixodes dammin ticks and also dog ticks. Even the soft shell ticks can transmit borreliosis to humans.
        Worldwide, there are about 850 tick species and 30 major tick-borne diseases; the U.S. alone has 82 species.
    The tick vectors of B afzelii: Ixodes ricinus, Ixodes hexagonus, and Ixodes persulcatus, which are distributed in western and central Europe and in far eastern Europe and Asia and these may also transmit B garinii. Borrelia garinii and species similar to it have been found in hard ticks such as Ixodes ricinus, Ixodes scapularis, Ixodes pacificus, and Ixodes persulcatus.
  • Some researchers believe that other ticks may also transmit Lyme disease and other zoonotic infections.
  • Some infected people know  they were infected with Lyme disease and other infections  by biting insects such as biting flies, mosquitoes, fleas, and lice. 
  • Lyme-infected blood could also be transmitted by blood transfusion. 
  • It is also known that if the mother is infected her baby may be born infected. 
  • Lyme spirochetes bacteriaís have been found in many bodily fluids of an infected person. Lyme, or other tick borne diseases, can be sexually transmitted,as reported by many people who were infected by their sexual partner.
  •  Oral kissing when spirochetes are present in gums.
    *** Live Bb spirochetes of Lyme  have been recovered from mosquitoes, fleas, mites, semen, urine, blood, spinal fluid, in urine and breast milk of LD mothers.
2.Carriers of infected ticks:
  • The main source of Lyme disease is the white-footed mouse, white-tailed deer, migratory birds, rabbits, raccoons and skunks.   
Migrating birds 
have been found to carry Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria to ticks and to be carriers of infected ticks. They are not stopping at the Canadian border, nor are they always landing in the bush, far away from humans and pets!
3.Blood Meals
The Lyme spirochetes live in an infected animal. The tick feeds on the blood of the infected animal ingesting blood infested with Lyme spirochetes and other pathogens. Now the tick carries the zoonotic infections such as Lyme and other.

When a tick is full and satisfied of blood, it continues its travels until it becomes hungry again and once again seeks out another blood meal. Again it will bite and suck the blood from another animal, or maybe you. 

While it is sucking blood it sometimes regurgitates and along with its regurgitate the spirochetes are spilled into your blood stream. (Thus a human or animal is now infected.)

Hungry ticks find their blood meals by climbing up, usually up a blade of grass and then at this level they can easily attach themselves to a leg going by. It matters not to the tick if it is their favorite white-tailed deer or if it is a human, pet, or horse leg, they are simply after a blood meal so they can continue their survival.

4.The tick bite
When an infected tick bites a human, the bacteria transfer from the tick to the humanís bloodstream. The bite is normally painless. It doesn't itch or hurt. After a few days of feeding on blood the full tick  eventually fall's off on their own.

Ticks may be the size of a poppy seed or head of a pin, and hidden in areas you do not see, such as your back, under arms, pubic area, or breasts.  Therefore ticks may go unnoticed for a few days, or never be seen, making it difficult for most people to trace the origin or the time of onset of the infection.

Ticks can transmit numerous diseases in one single feeding.

Are all ticks infected with diseases?
No, only a small percent and of course a higher percent in regions where Lyme is prevalent.

How will I know the difference from an infected bite or one that is not?
You may not know. Some signs may be: Fever, flu or rash occurring during the following two weeks or the bite starts looking infected, and definitely if a bull's eye rash forms.

5.Tick bite infection dates back to the 1880's.
Tick bite infections are found globally. The Bb lyme bacteria was also spread by man during the 1950's governments' bio warfare experiments when thousands of mosquito's were infected with the bacteria and released to see if humans in these areas would develop auto immune diseases. 
Do your own Research Here YAHOOor here GOOGLE
6.The four stage Life cycle of a Tick
Adult: Mate on a host where blood is readily available. 
Egg: Adult female lays up 20,000 eggs.  Eggs are laid in the soil or leaf litter.
Larvae: Eggs hatch as larva. 
They look the size of a pin head or tiny seed.  They must quickly find a host to take a blood meal. Those that survive move into the nymph stage.
Nymph: They feed on a host to develop into an adult tick. 

Apparently some ticks have been known to live for over 20 years and they can live for a very long time without food. They have hard shells making them difficult to destroy.

7.How should I remove a tick?

Click here.
8.Tick Testing
Some veterinarians may send the tick(s) away for  testing. Ticks can also be tested for a price. Treatment should not be delayed while waiting for any test results. A false-negative result could affect your medical doctors decision to treat you.

Ticks can be submitted through the Biology Department at the U of S. 
Chilton Parasitology Laboratory, Biology Department 
Rm. 310, University of Saskatchewan 
112 Science Place 
Saskatoon, SK S7N 5E2

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This page last updated October  7th, 2014